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            Booklist:2015年值得讀的書

            詞霸 佚名 已閱次           ★★★

            一本好書就是一位良師益友,讀好書能啟迪智慧,開拓視野,怡情養性。在這個知識爆炸,信息混雜的時代,選擇讀哪些書尤為重要。2015年的美國文壇,有哪些好書值得一讀?

            Good books take readers on journeys in their minds. The announcement of this year’s US National Book Awards finalists has highlighted a number of modern literary gems.

            一本好的書能帶領讀者徜徉心靈的海洋。今年美國國家圖書獎的入圍書目無疑是現代文學的瑰寶。

            The books tackle a range of topics, from science to friendship to culture. Here are some standouts to add to your reading list.

            圖書涵蓋了各種主題,從科學、友誼到文化。下面為各位推薦其中幾本好書。

            A Little Life

            《小生活》

            by Hanya Yanagihara

            作者:柳原韓亞

            Publisher: Doubleday

            出版商:雙日出版社

            A Little Life follows four university friends, Jude, Willem, JB and Malcolm, who start their adult lives in New York City after graduating from a prestigious New England college. They attend parties, go on dates and gain professional success.

            《小生活》圍繞四個大學時代的好友——裘德,威勒姆、JB和馬爾科姆展開,他們從久負盛名的新英格蘭學院畢業后一起留在了紐約打拼。他們參加各種派對和約會,并最終獲事業上的成功。

            What sets this novel apart is that Yanagihara explores larger issues through her work.

            韓亞在書中探討的宏大主題是這本書脫穎而出的關鍵。

            As the narrative unfolds, Jude’s mysterious and traumatic past emerges. When Jude’s friends try to help him, they start to realize limits of love. Sadly, they struggle to accept what can’t be helped.

            隨著敘事的鋪陳,裘德傷痕累累的神秘過往浮現出來。當朋友們試圖幫助裘德時,他們開始發現愛也是有界限的。他們悲傷地努力接受了自己無能為力的現實。

            Yanagihara scrubs the novel of any significant events and important figures in New York. This gives readers a sense of immediacy and allows them to make close connections with the characters’ emotional lives.

            柳原并未在小說中交代紐約的重大事件和重要人物。這樣讀者會覺得故事更有親近感,從而對小說人物的感情生活同身受。

            This page-turner has captivated readers. US talk show host Andy Cohen even post a photo of himself reading A Little Life on social media. “Best book I have read in years. Beautiful, heartbreaking, unforgettable,” he tweeted.

            這本書引人入勝,完全征服了讀者。美國脫口秀主持人安迪•科恩還在社交媒體上發布了一張自己讀《小生活》的照片。“我讀過最好的書。美麗,悲戚,難以忘懷,”他在推特上寫道。

            Between the World and Me

            《世界和我之間》

            by Ta-Nehisi Coates

            作者:塔那西斯•科茨

            Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

            出版商:蘭登書屋

            Ta-Nehisi Coates, a correspondent for The Atlantic, explains what it means to be an African-American in the US in his latest book Between the World and Me.

            塔那西斯•科茨是《大西洋月刊》的記者,他在新作《世界和我之間》中探討了在美國當一名非洲裔美國人意味著什么。

            Drawing from the style of James Baldwin’s 1963 book The Fire Next Time, Coates addresses the rampant racism in the US. Interestingly, the book is written in the form of an open letter to Coates’ 14-year-old son Samori. Through its pages, Coates hopes to prepare Samori for the challenges that young African-Americans face on the street and even in school.

            從詹姆斯•鮑德溫1963年的著作《下一次將是烈火》中尋得靈感,科茨提出了美國肆虐的種族主義問題。有趣的是,這本書作者是以給他14歲兒子薩莫里的公開信的形式寫成。通過該書,科茨希望薩莫里做好準備,迎接一個非洲裔美國人在馬路上甚至學校里將會面臨的挑戰。

            Coates shares his tough childhood in West Baltimore and his inspiring college life at Howard University. He also depicts prominent incidents of social injustice in the US.

            科茨分享了他在西巴爾的摩的艱苦童年,以及他在霍華德大學度過的鼓舞人心的大學生活。他還描繪了反應美國社會不公平的典型事件。

            What makes this book stand out is Coates’ great writing. “The language of Between the World and Me, like Coates’ journey, is visceral, eloquent, and beautifully redemptive,” US Nobel Prize-winning novelist Toni Morrison commented.

            這本書最出彩的地方還是科茨卓越的寫作技巧。美國諾貝爾文學獎得主托妮•莫里森評價說:“《世界和我之間》的語言讀起來就像是在看科茨的個人歷險,它感人至深,生動形象,完美地引人反思。”

            The Soul of an Octopus

            《章魚的靈魂》

            by Sy Montgomery

            作者:賽•蒙哥馬利

            Publisher: Atria Books

            出版商:阿特里亞圖書

            “A good book might illuminate something you knew little about, transform your world view, or move you in ways you didn’t think possible. The Soul of an Octopus delivers on all three,” the magazine New Scientist commented.

            “一本好書能為你開啟未知世界的大門,它能改變你的世界觀,亦或為你打開曾以為不可能的路。《章魚的靈魂》滿足了上面三個條件,“《新科學家》雜志評價說。

            After writing about birds, pigs and tigers, US naturalist Sy Montgomery decided to choose these polypod animals as the subject of her latest book, The Soul of an Octopus:A Surprising Exploration into the Wonder of Consciousness.

            繼寫過鳥、豬和老虎后,美國博物學家賽•蒙哥馬利決定以多足動物為自己新書的主題,新書名為《章魚的靈魂:意識奇跡的意外探險》。

            “Here is a baggy, boneless body that can pour itself into the tiniest spaces, has venom like a snake, ink like an old fashioned pen, a beak like a parrot, can taste with their skin, and can change color and shape,” Montgomery explained to the National Geographic on why octopuses intrigue her.

            蒙哥馬利在向《國家地理》雜志解釋章魚是如何給自己靈感時說:“這是一個松松垮垮的無骨肉體,它能進入最小的空間,有蛇一樣的毒液,有老式鋼筆一樣的墨汁,有鳥一般的喙狀物,可以通過皮膚嘗味道,可以任意改變顏色和形狀。”

             

            In the book, Montgomery explores the emotional world of the octopus. She uses different experiments to show that they possess consciousness as well as individual personalities.

            書中,蒙哥馬利探尋了章魚的情感世界。她通過不同的實驗展示了章魚和人一樣也是有意識的。

            For example, based on her research, she finds out that Octavia, an octopus caught in the wild, is friendly and good at multi-tasking. And Kali, who has been living at the New England Aquarium, is playful and loves exploring.

            比如,在研究的基礎上,她發現一個從野外抓回來的,叫奧克塔維亞的章魚,十分友善并且擅于同時處理多個任務。而另一只生活在新英格蘭水族館名為卡莉的章魚,則頑皮而熱愛探索。

            Montgomery is a good storyteller. Her skillful writing weaves facts together with personal narratives, which makes the book very informative but easy to read.

            蒙哥馬利很會講故事。她用高超的寫作技巧把事實和個人敘述穿插起來,讓這本書簡單易懂又不失知識性。

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